Guangdong's industrial aid to Kashi helps more than 8000 minority women in ten thousand jobs

Put on tooling to create happiness (people's eyes, industry aid Xinjiang)

This reporter Xie Yu Yang Mingfang Alda grams

09 November 2018, 04:48 source: People's Daily - People's daily
 

Minority women workers in Xingye small and medium enterprises incubator base in Jiashi are taught in the national general language training class.
Newspaper reporter Xie Yu photo

Shufu County Jincheng Garments Co., Ltd. female worker Gu Li Li Nur skillfully manipulate sewing machines.
Wu Yan she

Shufu County Yi Jin Cheng Garments Co., Ltd. workshop is busy.
Zeng Li she

Kashi is the most important city of the ancient Silk Road and the southern Xinjiang.

Fame is great, but family is not thick. Under the jurisdiction of Kashi, 12 counties and cities, all of which are poverty-stricken counties, are identified as one of the key poverty-stricken areas in the "three districts and three states". Most of the rural people still live on agriculture and animal husbandry, and the industrial foundation is weak.

Since the start of the new round of Counterpart Assistance, Xinjiang has become the highlight of the industry. Attracting investment, investing in factories and developing industries, Kashi is facing a valuable development opportunity.

However, Kashi is also facing a difficult problem for a long time. Under the influence of traditional culture and social environment, the employment enthusiasm of the local people, especially the rural masses, is generally not high. The factory buildings have been built and the production lines have been transferred, but the concept of the masses is hard to change at the moment. Whether endogenous motivation can be activated has become an important factor for the industry to take root and grow.

"We must guide women to carry forward the patriotic dedication spirit, self-esteem, self-confidence, self-reliance and self-improvement, build a new era of action, create a better life through struggle, realize their own development in the great cause of the motherland's reform and development, and win the colorful life in the great struggle created by the people." Speaking at a collective conversation with the new leading group members of the all China Federation of women, general secretary Xi Jinping stressed the need to mobilize women in the forefront of the times and make contributions in the frontline of reform, development and stability.

The answer that Kashi finds is to give women the power to grow and grow. Over the past few years, Guangdong's Yuanjiang front command, Kashi Party committee, government and enterprises have been working together to guide local women out of their families, into factories and into society.

  

puzzled

On the one hand, we have built factories and open doors, but we can not recruit employees; there is a demand for employment and a willingness to do so. If the lump is not untied, it will be difficult to get rid of poverty.

"Probationary period of 3 months, 1900 yuan per month, after the conversion, more than 3000 yuan is not a problem. No one wants to come to such a treatment? " When he first arrived in Kashi, Paul Liu, chairman of Dongguan industrial investment holding group, was not confused.

It was in 2016, through the aid team of Dongguan, Guangdong, and the Xinjiang East pure Hing Textile Group Co., Ltd., which was under the Dong Shi Group, was settled in the third division of the Xinjiang production and Construction Corps, Cao Cao Town, the 41 group, and the first phase 300 thousand spindles were built. When recruiting to nearby towns, there are few applicants. Paul Liu is burning with anxiety as soon as the project is about to go into operation.

Zoe Ali Pierre, a Uygur girl in Jiashi County, is not surprised. When she learned that she wanted to work in the factory, her husband firmly objected, "you are a woman. Why do you go out and show your face?" People in the village will gossip. "

"It's like I made a big mistake." Zoe Ali Pierre said. When she was a child, she followed her parents to Shanghai, Shenzhen and Wuhan to do business. The bustling city life was very yearning.

However, the dream of running away from home by Zu Li Pierre came to an abrupt end in the year of senior two. That day, the father pushed the door in, and there was no room for negotiation. "You are going to get married. Don't go to school anymore."

Zoe Ali Pierre's life is like many local women. "Before marriage, parents are not allowed to appear outside. After marriage, they return to their husbands and parents, who are responsible for the family's daily life."

Kashi, located in southern Xinjiang, is one of the most densely populated areas of the Uygur population, with a population of more than 95%. "In the mind of the local people, especially the rural masses, women are meant to" defend their families ". The inertia of traditional customs and the pressure of social environment not only restrict the desire of local women to pursue self-reliance and self-reliance, but also block the development of Kashi's economy and society to a certain extent. Mulati Heniya, director of the Institute of philosophy, Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences, said.

"If the employment is not good enough and the economy will not go, people's livelihood will be difficult to improve. He Yu, deputy secretary of the Kashi prefectural Party committee and head of the front command of Guangdong Province, said that it is urgent for Kashi to accelerate its economic and social development.

Development is the key to solving all problems. Employment is the root of poverty relief for the poor. Since the new round of Counterpart Assistance, especially the second Xinjiang work forum, attracting investment and developing industry has become the top priority. Textile, light industry, electronic information and other industries have been settled in Kashi. "After several years of hard work, the framework of Kashi's industrial development has taken up." Meng Jianhua, director of the Kashi development and Reform Commission and director of the aid office, said.

However, there is still some embarrassment in reality: on the one hand, the factory has been built and the door has been opened, but employees are not being recruited.

If the lump is not untied, Paul Liu's factory will not be able to run smoothly.

change

"The yearning for a good life, no matter who is the same." More and more local women have gone off to work. More importantly, employment helps them see their value and potential.

In 2016, she left 6 years of marriage. The heavy pressure of life was on her: a pair of children should be nurtured.

"Your Putonghua is so good. How can you stay at home?" Ma Jie, Secretary of the Party committee of Xia Awati Township in Jiashi County, sent a good message to Zoe Ali Pierre, who opened a garment factory in the county and lacked a Uyghur translation.

It's like catching up with a timely rain.

Please visit the factory with "friends and family", change the inherent concept with your own eyes, set up a nursery in the factory, arrange shuttle buses to send and send staff to and from work, and try to eliminate the worries of leaving home. In order to stimulate the enthusiasm for employment, local Party committees and government, Yuanjiang cadres and employment enterprises have tried their best.

The most attractive one is county, township and village "1+X+Y" (Headquarters + satellite factory + farmer workshop) three level employment mode. Specifically, it is headquartered in the industrial park, where the satellite factory is located in the village and sank to the door, and the product is then transported back to headquarters after the production of the satellite plant is completed. As a result, local women can also work at home.

In a village in the town of Wu Cusack, Shufu, a reporter came to a satellite factory in Xinjiang Yufeng Ling Clothing Co., Ltd. When I entered the workshop, I saw more than 100 women workers sitting in front of the machine, sewing, sewing and sewing.

"The factory is just across from home, next to the kindergarten. Every morning, when we go out, we can send our children to work in the factory. The salary is 1500 yuan per month, and family and work can be taken into account. " Employee Tunisaguri Hupur said he was hesitant to go to the county to work. Now the satellite factory has come to solve his dilemma.

"Go, go to my new home!" Out of the factory gate, across a road, a brick courtyard, a warm courtyard with vegetables. A brand-new sofa in the living room is Tunisaguri Hupur's new purchase with his own salary. "I will continue to save money, add some new furniture, and make my home bright!"

"One pass ten, ten Chuan hundred, a real change around a woman, a family, will gradually mobilize everyone's enthusiasm." Standing on the side of the town of Cusack, Aiguri Krem, said that now go to the town to take a lap, you can see a lot of ethnic women dressed in clothing, "the yearning for a better life, no matter who is the same."

The most intuitive change brought about by going out for employment is higher income and better life. But what is more important is to let these women see their own value and potential.

Yes, some weak shoulders support a family's hope.

Mu yse Mai Mai Ti, a girl who had to "break up" with the University. 3 years ago, her brother's technical secondary school admission notice and her college admission notice were sent to the home by the postman. The family who had been struggling with their livelihood had not yet had time to be happy. He decided to give up his studies and stir up family burdens.

Since he went to work in the factory in September 2015, he has paid wages to his younger brother, and the remaining money has been subsidized by his family.

Asked whether he felt the pressure of life was too great, wood also shook his head, saying that he was very lucky. "Many girls in my village who were of my age were married early, let alone go out to work." Wood also has an idea in his mind that when his parents are in good health, they will take part in the adult college entrance examination and improve their skills through further study.

Yes, some stubborn perseverance overcomes the hardships of life.

Gu re Li Nur grew up in a single parent family. He used to live with his mother and vowed to make his mother live a good life.

In 2016, the clinic where she worked was closed, and when he heard about the news of Dong Chun Xing's recruitment in the countryside, he went to the interview with his husband and was eventually hired. Today, Guja Ali Nur became a production leader and often brought her mother to buy new clothes at bazaar on weekends. "She said that I was spending money in a hurry."

"At first, my husband did not support me very much in the factory, but now we go to work together every day, feeling more and more harmonious." Gu Li Li Nur said, "before farming hard, no less income. Now every month, besides spending money on food and clothing, you can send money home."

running-in

In the factory of Dong Chun Xing, the operation skill level of the minority employees increased significantly, and the retention rate increased from 61% to 85.5%.

"Get up early every morning, pick up the yard, send the children to school, and then trot to the factory again, but often miss the time of punching cards. When they arrive at the factory, they are always half hearted, thinking about their families while working, and sometimes they do not get away from work." When he first entered the factory, he was a little "unacclimatized".

One morning, Zu Li Pierre was as late as usual. She bowed her head and sneak into the factory from the back door, but she bumped into a master with a child. Later, the workmates told her that the master Liu Jie from Guangdong was only two years old and no one could take care of him.

"She ran to Jiashi County in a long way, and she was busy with work. She had to take care of her children, and she did not bother to teach us skills. Why did I not work hard?" Since then, Zu Li Pierre has tried to learn from Liu Jie, not only to work on time and to work hard, but also to take the initiative to learn production technology and management skills in his spare time, and soon become an excellent worker.

Like Zoe Ali Pierre, many local women who work in factories have kept the habit of thinking and living habits of farming and animal husbandry at the beginning, and are hard to adapt themselves to the new working environment and unfamiliar management rules. In particular, communication barriers brought about by language barriers make them more fearful and let business managers spend their brains.

Paul Liu decided to solve the problem of communication barriers first. In June 2016, Dong Chun Xing hired full-time teachers to run language training courses. 60 minority female employees walked into the classroom and studied for 5 to 10 hours a week. Over the past two years, with the gradual expansion of production scale, the language training course of Dong Chun Xing company has increased from the first 3 classes to 24 classes, with more than 1600 training participants, becoming the largest national language training course in the southern Xinjiang region.

On this basis, Dong Chun Xing selected staff from various posts to train minority employees and carry out "one gang, one pair of red" activities. "With the help of my master, I quickly adapted to the working environment and learned how to operate the machine. I got 2000 yuan salary in the first month." Herlie Mai Guli, 23, learned not only his working skills but also his love -- his feelings with his colleagues, Wang Chieh, and eventually tied the knot.

"At present, 141 employees have established mentoring relationships. The teacher not only teaches technology, but also helps to solve problems. Paul Liu said that through the help and help activities, the new employees' operation skill level has improved significantly, and has effectively improved the communication among different ethnic groups. The retention rate of minority employees has increased from the initial 61% to 85.5% now.

With the gradual upgrading of labor skills, local women workers are gradually getting into the habit of keeping in touch with the rules of enterprise operation. In Shufu County, Yi Jin Cheng Garments Co., Ltd., an employee for 5800 yuan "record of the highest monthly wage" and become the envy of everyone.

The employee named Tunisaguri Mamti, although only junior high school education, has created a record of zero error in printing machine operation. You know, there are more than 10 processes in printing machines. The printing of each piece of clothing needs to be positioned first. After printing, it will return to the location. If you are careless, you will make mistakes.

As a champion of single month income, Tunisaguri Mamati is careful and diligent and diligent. Factories pay wages by piecework. She said: "only by working hard can we make more money and make life better."

After the operation of the enterprise is on the right track, the incentive mechanism of rewards and punishments has begun to play a role. In the East pure Hing company, workshops conduct weekly skills test, give material rewards to the excellent, and the unqualified receive intensive training. The monthly Star Awards ceremony is held every month, and the winners can not only get prizes such as fans, rice cookers, quilts, etc., but the photos will also be posted on the honor roll.

Liang Jiezhao, standing committee member and Deputy teacher of the third division of Guangdong's former Deputy General Commander and Tuo Mu Shu Ke, said that the core of the industry is not only to invest in factories, but also to train a group of talents who can not take away, leaving behind the advanced production concept and management mode, changing the concept of employment and production and life style of the local people.

Liu Xiaoming, deputy commander in charge of Guangdong's aid front and leader of Foshan's aid team, said that since 2017, Guangdong's aid Jiang team has collected 97 kinds of enterprises from third counties, Shufu County, Jiashi county and Tuo Shu Shu City, and employed 20 thousand and 400 people, including 18 thousand female employees.

Grow up

Xinjiang enterprises take the initiative to help the competent and willing ethnic minority employment cadres to become independent and self reliant and realize their dream of starting an undertaking.

"What? You say it again! My father sat on the Kang, just drinking a drink, and was choked with nervousness.

"Yes, I want to run a factory myself." The answer was simple.

"Nonsense! Do you think it's so easy to run factories like bazaar? The father threw down the bowl and slam the door. One side of the mother shook her head helplessly. When family members did not support them, they turned to their friends for help.

"Where we can get good results, we have to fight well", "factories and production equipment, we think of ways"...... Knowing that Zoe Ali Pierre was in trouble, local cadres and Yuanjiang cadres reached a helping hand to help provide some factories and equipment, and also secured a loan of 100 thousand yuan. With the 150 thousand yuan raised by Zu Li Pierre, the matter of running a factory finally came to an end.

In July 15, 2017, Zoe Ali Pierre's garment processing plant opened. Nowadays, many of the 238 women workers in the factory regard Zoe Ali Pierre as an example. "She has always told us that we need to create wealth with our hands and change our lives." Employee Raihan Guli said.

Once the seeds of dreams are germinated, they will thrive under the nourishment of rain and dew. Nowadays, in Kashi, there are more and more entrepreneurial women like Zoe Ali Pierre. Yuanjiang enterprises take the initiative to help ethnic minority employment cadres to become independent and self reliant, so as to realize the entrepreneurial dream of "factory director" and "boss".

There are 8 square tables neatly arranged in the middle of the room, and the smell of mutton string floating in the barbecue area. In the new town of Guangzhou, Shufu, the business of "happy restaurant" is booming. Who would have thought that this hotel was a 21 year old Uygur girl named Nurbiam Egeti.

"Opening a shop is inspired and encouraged by our boss." Last year, Nur worked in Yi Jin Cheng garment company. Influenced by Li Wenjie, the head of the company, she began to think about her entrepreneurial path. "The company employees eat is a problem, every day is outsourcing company's several kinds, the diet is single, why not open a restaurant yourself? It can make everyone eat well and make money. "

"As long as we want to do it, let's help you!" The Guangzhou aid task force extended a helping hand to Nur, and Li Wenjie paid 20 thousand yuan out of his own pocket. However, it costs at least 100 thousand yuan to start a restaurant, and Nur made a hard time to collect 40 thousand yuan.

The solution is always more difficult than that. Nur has the strength to admit defeat, and has more brains to catch business opportunities. "In the past few years, we have been encouraged by money bags, girls are becoming more and more beautiful, and their families are getting more and more particular. I sell cosmetics to workmates and sell sofas to the fair."

In March this year, Nur opened the "happy restaurant". She led 11 employees and began to work everyday before dawn. At 9:30, they delivered their staff meals to Yi Jin Cheng, nearby construction sites and an oil depot, with a daily order of 500. Li Wenjie, who had never thought of paying her back, received 20 thousand yuan from the end of June.

"Industrial aid to Xinjiang has developed the economy, enriched the masses, and promoted the" unity of the nationalities. " Tang Liming, deputy commander of Guangdong's aid front and leader of Guangzhou's aid team, said.

Nur, a new restaurant in the restaurant, must first try the Guangdong colleagues in the factory. Tunisa's husband specifically brought the figs that had just been taken from the Han Chinese colleagues in the factory.

"Industrial aid to Xinjiang brings new ideas and ideas, institutional and institutional innovation, which will help stimulate the internal driving force of all ethnic groups and promote social stability and long-term stability in Xinjiang." He Yu said.

Flying away from Kashi, a red sun is climbing, and the sun is shining on the ancient city of Kashi. Under the wing, a factory building in the industrial park is scattered, and the aspiration of all ethnic groups for a better life is rising here.

  

Format design: Guo Xiang


People's daily (09 November 2018, 16 Edition)
(Editor: Ma Chang, Cao Kun)

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